News

Industrious innovators: First Eisai / UK DRI postdoctoral research awards announced

Pharma Drugs Red

UK DRI and Eisai, one of the world's leading research-based pharmaceutical companies, are delighted to announce the first recipients for the post-doctoral research programme on dementia. This first-of-its-kind industry collaboration for the UK DRI aims to deliver innovative research that translates into improvements in diagnosis, treatment and prevention of all types of dementia.

In May 2019, UK DRI and Eisai announced the launch of the £2M joint collaboration to support advancement in dementia research. The overriding aim of the programme is to better understand the underlying biology that may lead to:

  • the identification of new molecular targets, pathways and/or mechanisms for treatments
  • Innovative methods surrounding drug design and delivery
  • the development of new model systems relevant to human biology
  • the development of biomarkers to track improvements during clinical trials and accurately identify those living with dementia

In this first round, researchers were invited to propose novel research projects in the field of neurodegeneration that may ultimately lead to transformative medicines for those living with dementia. The three following projects stood out to the joint UK DRI and Eisai committee – scientific summaries can be found below. They are:

1. Dr Marc Aurel Busche and Dr Samuel Harris, UK DRI at UCL
Long-term tracking of changes to neurons and blood vessels in models of Alzheimer’s and Huntington’s disease

2. Prof Valentina Escott-Price, UK DRI at Cardiff
Using genetics to identify patients suitable for future dementia treatments

3. Prof David Klenerman, UK DRI at Cambridge
Innovative assessment of proteins secreted from Parkinson’s disease neurons to identify underlying mechanisms

Awards of up to £221,000 are to be provided for a new three-year postdoctoral researcher to undertake each of these projects with additional resources for reagents or other expenses. The postdocs will benefit from both the UK DRI’s state-of-the-art research facilities and Eisai’s drug discovery and translational expertise, and attendance at an annual one-day workshop to discuss the ongoing work.

This programme offers an exciting opportunity for UK DRI researchers to join forces with the experts at Eisai and share innovative new ideas to tackle the big questions in dementia research.
Dr Aoife Kiely, UK DRI Science Review Manager

The deadline for the second round of Eisai / UK DRI Research Programme on Dementia is 29 May 2020. The scheme is open to UK DRI Group Leaders and recognised UK DRI Associated Members. For full information, please see the latest request for proposals.


Longitudinal monitoring of neural and vascular dysfunction during the sleep-wake cycle in freely behaving models of Alzheimer’s and Huntington’s disease

Dr Marc Aurel Busche and Dr Samuel Harris, UK DRI at UCL 

Dr Marc Aurel Busche and Dr Samuel Harris plan to test whether neurovascular dysfunction forms a pathological link between amyloid beta protein accumulation and neuronal hyperexcitability observed in Alzheimer’s Disease. To do so, they will use cutting-edge in-vivo imaging techniques and computational models to longitudinally investigate how early impairments in neurovascular circuits may lead to neural system failure and cognitive decline in multiple models of neurodegeneration. This project will provide a unique and quantitative circuit-level insight into the earliest stages of neurodegenerative disease, and their findings could pave the way for circuit-stabilising therapeutic approaches.


Leveraging human genetic to identify target populations for dementia therapeutics

Prof Valentina Escott-Price, UK DRI at Cardiff

It is clear that potential treatments to halt or slow the development of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) should be administered as early as possible in the course of the disease in order to prevent irreversible neurodegeneration. Considering that a large number of people have the potential to develop the disease, such an intervention would need to be able to accurately identify these individuals at highest risk using a cost-effective diagnostic work up.

Prof Valentina Escott-Price will use polygenic risk scores, which group the number of risk alleles that a person carries, weighted by the effect size of their association with Alzheimer’s disease. Polygenic risk scores are currently derived from genome-wide data and it is unclear whether those that are derived from incorporating biological knowledge to yield target, pathway or mechanism specific scores may perform differently in predicting AD risk or other AD clinical phenotypes.

Prof Escott-Price and her team aim to leverage human genetics to identify populations suitable for potential dementia therapeutics. They will divide polygenic risk by pathways and ultimately tailor therapies to specific pathway deficits.

 

Automated imaging and characterisation of the aggregates in the secretome of iPSC-derived Parkinson’s Disease mutant neurons

Prof David Klenerman, UK DRI at Cambridge

To date, studies of neurodegenerative disease have focused on the aggregated proteins which build up in brain cells. However, in disease, the majority of aggregated proteins are released into the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) for removal. Due to the lack of suitable tools to quantitatively study low concentration aggregate secretions, this has been an understudied area.

Prof Klenerman and his team have found that the secreted aggregates in the CSF of people with Alzheimer’s (AD) and Parkinson’s (PD) disease increase in the proportion of the larger aggregates compared to controls. Further, in iPSC derived neuronal culture models of AD and PD secreted aggregates resemble those in the CSF of people with the respective diseases and show similar differences compared to control.

Therefore, they will investigate the effect of stress conditions in iPSC PD neuronal cultures using automated imaging and characterisation of the secreted aggregates. Furthermore, they will determine the effect of pathological PD mutations of SNCA in both stress and resting conditions compared to isogenic control neurons.

This will be a novel automated platform that can be used to determine how disease associated mutations disrupt protein homeostasis leading to identification of the pathways involved. This platform can be extended to different neurodegenerative diseases by using different iPSC derived neurons as well as used to recruit people for clinical trials and determine the effectiveness of therapies by monitoring the aggregates found in their CSF.


Article published: 1 April 2020

Founding funders

Latest tweets from @UKDRI

RT @Daniell19244313: 👉Do you want to help people with neurodegenerative diseases live well in their own homes? 👉 Do you want to work within…
19 Jan 2022 19:21

RT @TheCrick: 📰 Researchers from @PataniLab have uncovered the diverse origins of #MND, which can converge to turn once helpful and protect…
19 Jan 2022 17:32